Tag Archives: gothic

Gothic Naturalism by Claus Sluter.

14 Mar

Detail of Angel Claus Sluter

Claus Sluter was the most famous sculptor of his days (1340-1405) and a key figure in the school of Gothic Art. Sluter’s sculptures are naturalistic and expressive, and more earthly bound than idealistic. He restored the monumental scale and naturalism of the classical era. His later work is highly emotional, using facial expressions, figural stance, and drapery. This can be particularly seen in the heavy folds of cloth that so many later imitators draped around their figures. His style of naturalism went on to influence a generation of realist Renaissance painters like Jan van Eyck, Roger Van der Weyden, Matthias Grunewald and Albrecht Durer. Sluter’s most famous surviving work is the Well of Moses to be visited in Dijon, France. It shows strongly individualized figures of Moses, David, and the Prophets. A masterpiece of dignity and power.

claus-sluter-well-of-moses-prophets-david-and-jeremiah-1

Rose Window.

13 Mar

st-denis-rose-window

The abbey church of Saint-Denis near Paris is considered the first Gothic, or French Style, building. Its characteristics include the pointed arch, the ribbed vault and the flying buttress. It emphasizes verticality and light. Abbot Suger, the commissioner of the abbey, underscore how deep an emotional and spiritual chord is struck by the play of light that passes through glass. By the time Saint-Denis was completed, stained glass had been in use for over a hundred years in relatively small windows of certain churches. Many contemporary authors see the rose window as a mandala as it operates on spiritual, meditative and emotional level. The instructional aspect is visible by the subjects chosen: God at the centre, the six days of Creation, the Zodiac with the order of the heavens, the labours representing the order of the earth, Adam and Eve eating the fruit and being expelled from Eden.

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